Greetings: Greetings in Uzbekistan vary based on gender and relationship dynamics. Among men, greetings often involve handshakes, hugs for close friends, or placing the right hand across the chest while slightly bowing the head. Women may share kisses with close female friends, while with others, the customary greeting involves placing the right hand over the heart and nodding slightly to acknowledge passersby.
Dressing Rules: Dressing in Uzbekistan aligns with modesty stemming from Islamic traditions. Avoid shorts, miniskirts, and sleeveless tops. Women wear colourful "doppi" caps, while men don black or white doppi or fur caps in winter.
Photographing People: Please ask for permission before you take photos of people. If they do not wish to be photographed, you must respect the decision. If you take a photo, people will appreciate it if you offer to send them a copy. Make sure to follow through with your promise.
Bargaining: In markets and bazaars, bargaining is customary and welcomed. Sellers often reduce prices upon request. Remember not to bargain in "fixed price shops," and note that prices at guesthouses are non-negotiable.
Table Manners: In tea gatherings, people sit on tapchans (tea-beds), supas (tea platforms out of clay), or ayvons (Roofed tea beds) with kupacha mattresses. When entering, avoid stepping on the tablecloth in the centre. Men sit cross-legged, while both men and women can fold their legs sideways. Ensure your feet aren't visible to others. Elderly individuals use cushions for comfort. Hosts pour tea three times into a tea bowl before serving guests, typically filling cups half-full. Being attentive and refilling cups is considered polite.
Bread: Bread is revered; never waste it. After breaking lepioshka bread, avoid placing chunks upside down on the table. When buying or gifting bread, avoid uneven numbers. Only at funerals, uneven numbers of bread are brought as a gift.
Shoes: Remove shoes before entering houses or mosques. Hosts may prepare your shoes for easy wear upon departure.
Gifts: While encountering children in villages, please avoid giving sweets and pens on the streets to discourage begging behaviours.